عنوان مقاله [English]
Humans have been puzzled from the past to the present in front of the Earth and the world above and they have found no way to decipher the causes of existence and answer these problems except to use symbolic language to unlock their understanding of the universe and existence in the mirror of myth. Nature has been the best source of inspiration for man and tries to use the elements of nature for abstract thoughts about the knowledge of the universe, thus seeking to discover life and death in these four elements and symbolizes them to discover the secrets of the universe. Today Literary works are examined from different angles such as psychoanalysis mythology and old patterns. In these criticisms, the critic seeks to deepen the structure of the work, and the author seeks to reveal the secrets hidden in the secondary reading of the Literary work. Among literary critiques, mythological literary criticism is one of the ways to achieve these mysteries. This article tries to understand the author's goal in the story and for this purpose, it examines the knockout plot of four contemporary mythical novels and tries to discover myths and archetypes in them. Identifying the main plot and sub plot and dropout plot another goal of this article is.
Based on the study of the elimination plot, descriptive-analytical method and data analysis based on comparative literature with the aim of showing the myth as an escape for the author and discovering the ambiguity in the unsaid in a comparative way.
Results and Discussion:
Birth, Death, Tree, Mountain, Colors, Numbers, Animals, Water, Swamp, Vegetable, Earth, etc. All are mythical concepts and elements. Some writers with knowledge of mythical backgrounds point to these ancient elements to understand the deep concepts they desire. In the novel Gavkhoni two methods are used; one is water and the other the father's murder. In Avesta, Ab is "a beautiful, well-formed, tall woman whose praise dates back to far away periods and even before Zoroaster. In ancient Iran, the goddess of water is the goddess of fertility. And the myth of killing father and Oedipal tendencies. It's a dark relationship with dad and hate. The narrator does not regret the death of his father. The subplot of the novel "Yeklia and Her Solitude" is derived from the myth of the fall and eating forbidden fruit. The author sees "feeling alone" as a motive for the fall, and another sign of the myth of the fall is the serpent, which was the temptation of Adam and Eve. The subtitle of the novel "Yekelia and Her Solitude" is derived from the myth of "Hobot" and the eating of forbidden fruit. The author sees "feeling lonely" as a motivation for "Fall" and is another sign of the myth of "Hobot", the serpent that tempted Adam and Eve. In legend, snakes and dragons are often associated with treasure, but in this story, the meaning of treasure is wisdom and logic. Modarresi refers to "the first Hobot of the expulsion of Yeklia from the city" and the second "Satan is driven out of heaven." "Touba and the Meaning of Night" based on the events of the 1930s and the Constitutional Revolution, in addition to the main plot depicting the stifled society of those days, depicts a complete subplot using mythical concepts depicts a complete secondary plot using mythical concepts. The confusion of women in society, loneliness, insecurity and melancholy thoughts are involved in this imagery. The style of the writer sometimes tends to be hyper-realistic. The choice of the name of Toba in this novel is purposeful because "Toba" in religious sources is a paradise tree that God created with His own hand, and in the sources of legend, it is a tree on top of Alborz and a nest of simorgh and a symbol of fertility. Using the myth of plant-forming, Parsipur has designed a very beautiful secondary plot and clearly shows the cry of oppression and the persistence of the voice of women of history in the ears of despotic centuries. This is the "Elimination Plot". In the novel "Javid", in addition to showing the contrasts of good and evil, relying on the four elements and mythical concepts, another elimination plot in the novel is unleashed. In this novel, water: purification and life, a sacred and pure fire, sometimes the result of the wrath of the gods and sometimes a means of torment. Wind is the cause of life, the soil: in two positive aspects, i.e. growth and the negative side, it is a reminder of death and nothingness. Another mythological component of this novel is rationalism and its plot is strong and intelligent which, in addition to showing the dark society of the constitutional years, reminds contemporary man of the mythological precedents of Iran.
In the novels discussed, ten myths have been applied. The existence of these elements shows that the authors have been very careful in choosing archetypes. Of course, not all of these plots are seen, but each writer has necessarily used two or three archetypes. In Gavkhoni's novel, the main plot is in the superstructure, and two novels, "Toba and the Meaning of Night" and "Yaklia and Her Solitude" have a plot with a social and cultural theme. In the "Javid story," we are confronted with the presence of the devil and Ahura. "Modarressi" and "Fasih" with political tendencies, through ancient myths, remind Iranians of the place. Modarres Sadeghi and Parsipour revived criticism of traditions and protest against the laws that prevail in society by reminding old patterns. The contemporary novel, therefore, became a place of national and religious myths. Thus, the contemporary novel became a place of national and religious myths. Writers talk vaguely to alleviate the pain of society.