عنوان مقاله [English]
Literature is one of the artistic genres in which the artist tries to express different issues of society in each era. Contemporary fiction has also been able to depict many of the problems of Arab societies. The occupation of Palestine is one of these issues; Literature has been able to play a part in expressing the aspirations of the Palestinians. Kanfanis a writer who was able to show his commitment to Palestine with his pen and blood. The novel "Rijal fi Al-Shams" is one of his prominent works in which the issue of identity is shown in various forms and Palestine with all its appearances is prominent. Kanfani has observed dangers to the Arab-Palestinian identity, which he has mentioned at the end of the story. Forgetting customs, people not paying attention to the fate of their country, the extravagant enemy of the occupier. are some of these crises that Kanfani has dealt with. In this research, an attempt is made to study and evaluate identity and identity crisis by descriptive-analytical method. The result of this study shows that Kanfani, in addition to eloquent language, used Palestinian slang to portray the suffering of Palestinians. The author depicts anti-Semitism in which Jews entered Palestine and drove Muslims out of their homes. He introduces religion as an identity. In the crisis of national identity, the author considers soil as one of the most important identities of each person and provides a picture of all the characters in the novel.